Common Problems


Common Problems Addressed By Your Local Frederick Orthodontist

Here at The Village Orthodontist, we have seen many various tooth, jaw, and bite conditions. When a person's teeth or jaws do not fit together properly, orthodontic treatment may be necessary to correct the problem. If left untreated, these orthodontic problems, often referred to as malocclusions, can cause speech difficulty, premature wear of the teeth and protective enamel, and even increase the chance of injury to the teeth and jaw joints. Whether Invisalign, metal braces, clear braces are the right choice of equipment, we want all our patients to be as informed as possible about the many different common orthodontic problems that affect our mouths and how best to treat them. 


underbiteAlso known as a prognathism, an underbite is characterized by the lower jaw extending too far out, causing the lower front teeth to sit in front of the upper front teeth.


crossbiteThis malocclusion occurs when the upper teeth sit inside the lower teeth, which may cause tooth stratification and misaligned jaw growth. In order to close the mouth, patients usually move their lower jaw forward or to the side when closing. This incorrect bite results in an improper use of the lower jaws and sometimes brings about facial asymmetry.

Upper Front Teeth Protrusion

protrusionThis type of bite impacts the appearance and function of your teeth. It is characterized by the upper teeth extending too far forward or the lower teeth not extending far enough forward. Thumb sucking can cause the upper front teeth to protrude in younger patients.


overbiteThe upper front teeth extend too far out over the lower front teeth, sometimes causing the lower front teeth to bite into the roof of the mouth. Problems often associated with an overbite include a "gummy" smile, protruding lips, and excessive incisor wear.


crowdingCrowding occurs when teeth have insufficient room to erupt from the gums. It is the most common reason for braces. Not only is crowding unattractive, but it has also been linked to periodontal problems and dental decay because it is harder to clean overlapping teeth's surfaces when brushing or flossing.


spacingMissing teeth may cause spacing problems, or they may only be a cosmetic or aesthetic issue. Spacing is another popular reason for braces. The opposite of crowding, spacing is most commonly caused by excessive jaw room for the size of the erupting teeth.


openbiteProper chewing is impacted by this type of bite in which the upper and lower front teeth do not overlap. Open bite may cause a number of unwanted habits, such as tongue thrusting or thumb sucking. An early evaluation and intervention is essential in correcting an open bite.

Dental Midlines not Matched

midlinesDental midlines that do not match are evident when the back bite does not fit and match appropriately. This may negatively impact jaw function and proper dental function.

Have A Question? Give Us A Call!

If you have any additional questions about orthodontics, want to find out more about these common problems, or are looking to request an appointment, please feel free to contact us directly by calling (301) 874-4747. We are located in Frederick, MD, but we also serve the surrounding areas including Urbana and Clarksburg. Everyone here at The Village Orthodontist is committed to helping you attain the beautiful, healthy smile of your dreams. We look forward to hearing from you soon!